Succulent is a Latin word, where Sucus means Juice. Succulents should be called the camel of the plants for their quality of storing the water.
Succulents can be grown easily even in extreme weather conditions with their water storage capacity, but need to care in high winter conditions.
They store water in their leaves, which makes them immune from hot and dry weather.
The growing trend of succulents in India
There is an increase in growth in houseplant industries due to the ease of purchase and increasing awareness among people regarding the succulents.
Succulents are now used in a broader spectrum for making jewellery, wall arts, wedding decorations, and party favors.
Rapid urbanization and increase in income level and change in lifestyle has influenced a lot of people.
Beautiful Succulents in India
Succulents come in an infinite range of color, texture, and shapes and have unique features. These plants transform their colors under different lighting conditions.
Some plants which are green in shade turn into bright red and orange when exposed to the sun.
There is a comprehensive color range from white to purple. There is a never-ending range of shapes and texture.
Some are rock shaped while others are tail-shaped and long.
1. Aloe Vera
Aloe Vera Plant is of varying kinds which can grow in India. They are water-loving thick, fleshy, dark green to bluish-grey in color which transforms into red or orange or yellow color on the daylight. They can grow up to 40 inches.
Agava is a hardy plant growing up to 40 feet, forming a large rosette of narrow leaves. They are the sluggish plant that can thrive with minimal care and die after flowering.
Adeniums can grow up to a height of 10 feet in the ground and can be grown in pots adding more colors to your garden. The adenium sap is toxic and so precautions should be taken in the presence of pets and children.
Euphorbia also knows as spurge is a diverse genus of flowering plants having more than 1000 species. Some of these tropical succulents are globe-shaped and others bear resemblance to cactus.
Haworthia is a vast genus of flowering plants native to South Africa and features translucent sap like aloe vera. They come is in an extensive variety of sizes and colors from green to brown to variegated. They grow in winter and prefer shade and can survive in negligible watering and care.
Kalonchoe is a tropical genus of 125 species and native to South Africa and Madagascar. They have smooth and felted foliage and showy flowers that come in a stunning color range of yellow, white, red, orange and pink.
Senecio is flourishing succulents with vines that can grow up to 4 feet. They are extreme tropical plants bearing small white flowers found vastly in the Himalayas.
Sedum is known as the Himalayan skies are low growing perennial succulents having fleshy leaves but differ in their size shape and colors among the species. Some are bushy and upright while others are small and trailing and bear small star-like flowers blooming in clusters.
Sempervivum is also known as hens and chicks are cold sturdy drought and heat resistant succulents that grow well in both bright and partial sunlight. They are easy growing and come in a myriad variety of color size and texture adding. They need adequate watering during summer but don’t stand to overwater. They transform into winsome colors when kept in bright sunlight.
Benefits of Succulents in India
Succulents are not just colorful ornamental plants that beautify our homes but have several benefits although there are cultural myths around it.
Succulents as Healers
- Aloe vera is used in several cosmetics, juice and food supplements and in toothpaste for controlling oral cavities and to prevent hair fall and dandruff.
- Aloe latex has an anti-inflammatory effect, it is used for healing osteoarthritis, bowel disease constipation, diabetes-induced ulcer.
- Agave has both antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties that can heal wounds, cuts, and burns and are also used as natural sweeteners.
- Prickely pear cacti are often used for moisture retention of the skin and itchy skin. Cacti Euphorbia nivulia can cure headache and cold.
- The paste of Euphorbia fusiformes rootstock and ginger heals paralysis.
- Euphorbia tirocaculi is used for the production of biofuel and can be used to prevent aging. The steam of Jatropha curcas is used as toothpaste.
- The Insulin Plant can cure Diabetes in a natural way. Also, Read our Article on Top 10 Herbs to cure Deadly Diseases.
Boost your Memory
Planting succulents in the study, library or office not only adds beauty to the room but also improves memory.
Scientific research has proved that succulents have improved our memory put to 20%. Improved memory can enhance you and your child’s performance at work and school.
Xerophilics would be glad to know that Aloe vera can help you fight depression.
Breathe Pure Oxygen
Succulents release oxygen at night and can remove many volatile organic compounds from the air and absorb them in their roots.
So it is always a good idea of planting succulents indoors in your room, office or balcony.
Few Succulents are know for producing Oxygen at Night time also but in less quantity, Read about it here.
Improve your focus and elevates your immune system
According to a recent study in the Pediatrics journal, 45 out of 93 students in India are having ADHD syndrome.
Children having Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder find it difficult to concentrate in school and pay attention in class.
Consistent exposure to indoor plants like succulents can improve their focus. Patients who are more close to nature can tolerate pain easily and are more immunized.
Succulents in Indian Climate?
There are about 10,000 species of succulents including cacti and 500 multitudinous species that can be found in the Himalayas and tropical hardy plants all over the Country. The Thar Desert is residence to an ample variety of succulents and cacti.
Some tropical succulents like Euphoria, Haworthia can grow in the temperate climate in southern India. Variegate species of aloe vera, Haworthia, Jade plants grow well in the hot summers.
The Himalayan Skies or the sedum (stonecrop), Himalayan sencio, Sempervivum, Jovibarba are some of the popular succulent species that blossom and propagate in the cold mountains in Indian habitat in too little water and snow.
Succulents require very little care but some prerequisites to keep in mind while plantation. Read further:
Certain Tips to Follow
- Choose your succulent according to the topography
- Keep them away from rain or you can keep them in the greenhouse.
- Filtered sunlight is vital for extensive propagation.
- If the plants don’t get enough sunlight artificial light can be used to culture them.
- Water the plant only when the soil is dry to avoid rotting.
- You can provide direct sunlight to the succulents in winter.
Read More on How to take care of Succulents in Indian Climate?
By and large, succulents can be easily taken care of in the diverse Indian climate and can bloom easily. Succulents are gaining attention in recent years and people want to know more about them.
A group of far-ranging succulents is now growing on different parts of the country according to the topography and even beginners will find it simple and affordable to grow them both indoors and outdoors.
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