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50 Examples of Monocot & Dicot Plants

A plant is either Monocotyledon or a Dicotyledon. The two vary in their structural attributes: roots, stems, leaves, and the flower. The variation begins from the very start of a plant’s life cycle. Initially, the seed of a plant helps us discover if it’s either a Monocot or a Dicot Plant.

The angiosperms or otherwise known as the flowering plants are incredibly diverse. To simplify things, we divide them into two main types, which help us understand the nature of these plants and guides to what they require.

The Cotyledon refers to the first leaf present within the embryo. If a single leaf is present, it will be classified as a Mono, and if two leaves exist, then a dicotyledon. The small difference between the two seeds increases as the plant grows. When a plant first starts to extend its roots, the variation between seeds starts to become visible.

The monocots tend to have fibrous roots, while the dicots establish a tap root system.

When the leaves on the stem appear, the former shows parallel venation, while the latter has numerous auxiliary veins with reticulate or net venation. Finally, if the flower petals are multiple or equal to three, they are grouped as a monocot. If the petals are four-five or divisible by them, then indeed categorized as dicots.

Example of Monocot & Dicot Plants

Monocot Plants:

1. White Trillium

The large white flower with three petals has two sets of three leaves.

2. Dwarf Daylily

The sunny yellow flower blooms in springs. The monocot flower is famous for its ability to attract honeybees.

3. Tulips

The multiple layers of petals in a tulip bulb makes it difficult to count the petals, but the vivid plant is classified as a monocot.

4. Lilies

Lilies are considered one of the most beautiful flowers, and rightly so. Although the colour of the flower varies, it usually has six petals.

5. Orchids

The orchids are the most common species of flowering plant .it is adaptable to all kinds of temperatures.

6. Snowdrops

The flower appears small and white, just as the name suggests.

7. Crocus

The autumn-bloomer Crocus is a magnificent lilac flower that blooms until the winter arrives.

8. Daffodil

The cheerful yellow flower has unusually arranged six petals, which give it a unique shape.

9. Aloe vera

The fleshy leaves of the aloe vera plant are used for its tremendous benefits for health.

10. Knights Lily

The spiky red flowers can be mistaken for red chillies from afar. The contrast between the green leaves and the vibrant flower catches the eye.

11. Iris

The iris flower has an extensive range of colours, yet all are equally beautiful.

12. Spiderworts

The three-petaled spiderwort flowers are usually blue and purple and are quite resilient.

13. Gossamer grass

The ornamental grass is known for the colourful foliage. The green grass turns into orange and bronze during the winters.

14. Red tussock

Also known as Rubra, the red tussock comes from the grass family.

15. Palms

The Arecaceae: commonly known as the palms are stemless monocot plants that can grow as shrubs, climbers, and trees.

16. Bamboo

From the Poaceae family, bamboo is a widespread species with numerous uses. The unique structure of the plant distinguishes it from the rest.

17. Banana tree

The banana tree is a popular monocot fruit free from the tropics, with enormous leaves.

18. Pineapple

Sweet pineapple is found in tropical areas and is native to South America.

19. Coconuts

Woody hard coconuts are the seeds of tropical palms.

20. Dates

The date palms produce the sweet fruit.

21. Wheat

A vital crop, processed to be used in the form of flour in our daily meals.

22. Barley

A prominent cereal grain harvested in large amounts can be a healthy part of the diet.

23. Maize

Also known as corn. The maize crop important grain used for making several goods.

24. Garlic

Commonly used in the kitchen, the garlic plant can be grown in a kitchen garden as well.

25. Onion

Widely cultivated vegetable, commonly used in meals

Dicot Plants: 

26. Oak trees

The colossal oak trees are a source of food and shelter for birds.

27. Daisies

The white and yellow daisy flower is an absolute beauty.

28. Peas

The small spherical peas are used as a vegetable.

29. Beans

Beans are healthy seeds used in diets for their multiple health benefits.

30. Cactus

The ornamental desert plant is one of its kind.

31. Asiatic pennywort (Centella Asiatica)

Indian pennywort is a herbaceous and perennial plant that is often used as a culinary vegetable.

32. Castor (Ricinuscommunis)

It is a perennial flowering plant. It is mostly consumed, mostly in the form of oil.

33. China rose (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis)

The ornamental plant is grown throughout the tropics; it is slightly fragrant and mostly crimson.

34. Guava (Psidiumguajava)

Tropical fruit cultivated in many tropical regions is sweet and soft to eat.

35. Mango (Mangiferaindica)

It is known as the king of fruits; the sweetest fruit has no alternate.

36. Papaya ( Carica papaya)

Grown in the tropical regions and is characterized for its shape and colour

37. Radish (Raphanussativus)

An edible root vegetable, consumed throughout the world for a variety of health benefits.

38. Tomato

The juicy red tomato can be consumed raw and cooked.

39. Rose (Rosa Indica)

The rose flower needs no description. The shrub is known for the magnificent beauty that blooms.

40. Sunflower ( Helianthus annuus)

The summer flower with a wide disc and tough petals is a worldwide famous plant.

41. Dandelion

Abundant yellow flowers are also considered as a herb and have medical properties.

42. Tamarind (Tamarindusindicus)

The tree produces bean-like pods filled with seeds surrounded by a fibrous pulp.

43. Almond

Native to middle-east almond are seeds with tremendous health benefits/

44. Plum

A juicy fruit can be consumed fresh and dry.

45. Avocado

A large berry containing a single large seed contains multiple vitamins.

46. Oliver

Small olives are impressively high in nutrients.

47. Hazel

Hazelnuts are loved by people, squirrels, and hazel dormice.

48. Poppies

The vivid red poppy has a lot of significance and is used as a symbol of wealth.

49. Legumes

Legumes are grown for human consumption and for livestock forage. They are great source of Proteins. 

50. Jasmine

The famous night fragrant white flower is majestic.

Also Read:

20 Fastest Growing Trees for your Garden in India

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