A plant is either Monocotyledon or a Dicotyledon. The two vary in their structural attributes: roots, stems, leaves, and the flower. The variation begins from the very start of a plant’s life cycle. Initially, the seed of a plant helps us discover if it’s either a Monocot or a Dicot Plant.
The angiosperms or otherwise known as the flowering plants are incredibly diverse. To simplify things, we divide them into two main types, which help us understand the nature of these plants and guides to what they require.
The Cotyledon refers to the first leaf present within the embryo. If a single leaf is present, it will be classified as a Mono, and if two leaves exist, then a dicotyledon. The small difference between the two seeds increases as the plant grows. When a plant first starts to extend its roots, the variation between seeds starts to become visible.
The monocots tend to have fibrous roots, while the dicots establish a tap root system.
When the leaves on the stem appear, the former shows parallel venation, while the latter has numerous auxiliary veins with reticulate or net venation. Finally, if the flower petals are multiple or equal to three, they are grouped as a monocot. If the petals are four-five or divisible by them, then indeed categorized as dicots.
25 Examples of Monocot Plants:
1. White Trillium
The large white flower with three petals has two sets of three leaves.
2. Dwarf Daylily
The sunny yellow flower blooms in springs. The monocot flower is famous for its ability to attract honeybees.
The multiple layers of petals in a tulip bulb makes it difficult to count the petals, but the vivid plant is classified as a monocot.
Lilies are considered one of the most beautiful flowers, and rightly so. Although the colour of the flower varies, it usually has six or more petals.
The orchids are the most common species of flowering plant .it is adaptable to all kinds of temperatures.
The flower appears small and white, just as the name suggests.
The autumn-bloomer Crocus is a magnificent lilac flower that blooms until the winter arrives.
The cheerful yellow flower has unusually arranged six petals, which give it a unique shape.
9. Aloe vera
The fleshy leaves of the aloe vera plant are used for its tremendous benefits for health.
10. Knights Lily
The spiky red flowers can be mistaken for red chillies from afar. The contrast between the green leaves and the vibrant flower catches the eye.
The iris flower has an extensive range of colours, yet all are equally beautiful.
The three-petaled spiderwort flowers are usually blue and purple and are quite resilient.
13. Gossamer grass
The ornamental grass is known for the colourful foliage. The green grass turns into orange and bronze during the winters.
14. Red tussock
Also known as Rubra, the red tussock comes from the grass family.
The Arecaceae: commonly known as the palms are stemless monocot plants that can grow as shrubs, climbers, and trees.
From the Poaceae family, bamboo is a widespread species with numerous uses. The unique structure of the plant distinguishes it from the rest.
17. Banana tree
The banana tree is a popular monocot fruit free from the tropics, with enormous leaves.
Sweet pineapple is found in tropical areas and is native to South America.
Woody hard coconuts are the seeds of tropical palms.
The date palms produce the sweet fruit.
A vital crop, processed to be used in the form of flour in our daily meals.
A prominent cereal grain harvested in large amounts can be a healthy part of the diet.
Also known as corn. The maize crop important grain used for making several goods.
Commonly used in the kitchen, the garlic plant can be grown in a kitchen garden as well.
Widely cultivated vegetable, commonly used in meals
25 Examples of Dicot Plants
1. Oak trees
The colossal oak trees are a source of food and shelter for birds.
The white and yellow daisy flower is an absolute beauty.
The small spherical peas are used as a vegetable.
Beans are healthy seeds used in diets for their multiple health benefits.
The ornamental desert plant is one of its kind.
6. Asiatic pennywort (Centella Asiatica)
Indian pennywort is a herbaceous and perennial plant that is often used as a culinary vegetable.
7. Castor (Ricinuscommunis)
It is a perennial flowering plant. It is mostly consumed, mostly in the form of oil.
8. China rose (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis)
The ornamental plant is grown throughout the tropics; it is slightly fragrant and mostly crimson.
9. Guava (Psidiumguajava)
Tropical fruit cultivated in many tropical regions is sweet and soft to eat.
10. Mango (Mangiferaindica)
It is known as the king of fruits; the sweetest fruit has no alternate.
11. Papaya ( Carica papaya)
Grown in the tropical regions and is characterized for its shape and colour
12. Radish (Raphanussativus)
An edible root vegetable, consumed throughout the world for a variety of health benefits.
The juicy red tomato can be consumed raw and cooked.
14. Rose (Rosa Indica)
The rose flower needs no description. The shrub is known for the magnificent beauty that blooms.
15. Sunflower ( Helianthus annuus)
The summer flower with a wide disc and tough petals is a worldwide famous plant.
Abundant yellow flowers are also considered as a herb and have medical properties.
17. Tamarind (Tamarindusindicus)
The tree produces bean-like pods filled with seeds surrounded by a fibrous pulp.
Native to middle-east almond are seeds with tremendous health benefits/
A juicy fruit can be consumed fresh and dry.
A large berry containing a single large seed contains multiple vitamins.
Small olives are impressively high in nutrients.
Hazelnuts are loved by people, squirrels, and hazel dormice.
The vivid red poppy has a lot of significance and is used as a symbol of wealth.
Legumes are grown for human consumption and for livestock forage. They are great source of Proteins.
The famous night fragrant white flower is majestic.