by Izaz Ahmad
Growing plants in containers can be tricky. Unused pots, buckets, containers can add practical purpose to your garden and can be used for plantation. It requires a lot of patience and effort, but once you get habituated to the container planting, we're sure you'll keep adding more and more pots to your home.
Each plant will have its own requirements to the sunlight, water supply, fertilizers, and weather conditions. We've researched the suitable Vegetables, Fruits, and flowers to grow in a container and listed the top 30 plants. Read through for more information:
Vegetables require bigger size containers to grow deeper and stronger. Here are some vegetables with detailed requirements from our top list:
Tomatoes are easy to harvest under perfect sunlight and regular water. Dry seeds with furry coating on top of it are the best to sow. These types release natural fertilizer to the soil and increase the strength of the plant. The potting soil can be prepared at home. We have written a detailed article on How to Prepare Potting Soil at Home.
Tomatoes require at least 6-8 hours of sunlight every day. And take 50-80 day for germinating. Then transplant the seedlings to larger containers at least 36 to 48 inches apart.
Choose a container of at least 30cm deep. Sow the seeds indoors for at least 6-8 weeks before moving outdoors. Once the seeds become seedlings, plant them with 3-5 inches gap in between. Under the full sun and enough water supply, Brinjals will take 100-150 days to germinate and 50-75 for transplantation.
Sow lettuce seeds indoors for at least 4 to 6 or until they grow up to 4 inches tall before transplantation. Lettuce grows well in 6 to 10 inches containers under cold weather.
Lettuce will be ready to germinate after 65 to 80 days of sowing - transplant lettuce to a bigger container with 8 to 10 inches apart.
Spinach is container-friendly. It is a heat-sensitive plant and grows better in partial shade in warmer regions like India. It needs 6-8 weeks to grow after sowing indoors. Each seedling requires a pot of 8-inches deep.
Instead of seeds, curry leaves are easy to grow with stems. Get a stem and remove the leaves from the bottom up to 5 inches and sow the bottom side in the soil. Curry leaves usually take 10 to 20 days to germinate under warmer conditions.
Broccoli is a cold-seasoned plantation. Sow the seeds in an 8-inches container. Seeds can take around 100-150 days to become seedlings. After that 55 to 80 days to harvest from transplants. Broccoli can be easily affected by bugs, so required regular fertilization.
Green beans require more than 8 hours of sun every day. Plant seeds at least an inch deep with three inches gap in between. Seeds will take 8 to 10 days to germinate under warm circumstances. And will be ready to harvest 50 to 90 days.
Coriander can grow up to 10 to 25 inches under tolerant heat conditions. Coriander seeds require well-drained pots with moisture maintenance. Seeds will take 10 to 14 days to germinate. And in containers take 60 to 75 days to mature and more than 100 days to harvest.
Choose the potatoes with multiple eyes and cut them into pieces. Sow them in the soil and add extra soil on top of them up to 3 inches. Keep the water adding but do not make the pot soggy, which ruin the potatoes growth. Potato seeds should take 70 to 90 days to germinate and up to 120 days to harvest.
Mint leaves add the best aroma to the surroundings. Have deeper pots with organic soil mix and place them where it can get maximum sunlight. Mint is a natural plant to harvest and takes 10 to 15 days to germinate.
Top Fruits to Grow in Containers:
Fruits grown at home gives the best satisfaction. But in these, no one has the space for more significant trees. Don't worry! It's still possible. We've got you the best list of fruits to grow in containers and suitable for Indian weather. Just grab a container and read through the article:
Mulberries are cold resistants. For Indian weather condition, Mulberry seeds take at least 90 days in cold seasons with steady moisture, indoors. Mulberries need to expose to the sun slowly, so keep gradually move the plant outdoors.
Lemons are sunny side plants. It needs a lot of water supply and regular replantation. In the cold winters, they need to be moved indoors. Lemon seeds take one to two weeks to germinate and up to one to two years of planting to give fruits.
Pomegranates are one of the best container fruits for Indian weather. They germinate better in the warm soil. After sowing the seeds, Pomegranates will take at least 30-40 days to Germinate and about 6-7 months to harvest.
Mangoes are the king of fruits in India. Mango is a summer plantation and produces lovely, juicy fruits in the whole summer. Mango seeds need to be cut into half and wrapped in a cloth. Keep the cloth moist for at least 1-2 weeks to sprout. Then you can transplant the seeds to Container and keep it in a sunny place, where the plant gets sun for at least 8 hours. And it takes minimum 2-3 years to fruit.
Rinse the seeds in cold water before plantation. Sow the seeds in the soil and cover up to half an inch with the moistened soil. Orange seeds take 10-20 days to germinate to seedings. Once the seedlings grow up to 3-4 inches, transplant them to an 8 to 10 inches pot.
Strawberries are one of the most natural fruits to grow, either in containers or on the ground. Strawberries need to be in the cold for faster germination. Strawberries will germinate within 2 to 3 three weeks under the direct sun with well-maintained moisture. Once the seeds are sprouted, thins the seedlings and transplant them to a bigger container.
Watermelon requires warmer soil to grow better and give bigger fruits. Choose the most significant possible Container and sow the dry seeds in the ground. The watermelon seeds take 3 to 10 days based on the temperature. Once you see the long enough, add wines to the stems to give support while growing up and add a hammock when you see a watermelon.
Papaya plants require a lot of water to produce juicy fruits. Papaya seeds take 2 to 3 weeks to germinate under the sunlight and up to a year to grow fruits.
Chikoo has the best nutrition resulting in good health. Chikoo plantation requires a bigger container and can grow up to 70 feet. Chikoo plants don't need much water once they grow up. The seeds require 8 to 10 weeks to mature.
Fill the bigger Container with well-drained soil and add some organic fertilizer to it. Plant the seeds with a gap 2 to 3 inches in between. Place the Container where it gets maximum sunlight and water well. Under the above circumstances, custard apples will germinate in about three weeks.
Top Flower seeds to grow in Container:
Growing flowers at home are very satisfying and the best and natural way to brighten up your space. Many of them are suitable for a smaller container and add a pop of color. Here's a list of beauty with fewer efforts.
Marigolds require partial sunlight of 6 hours and don't need bigger containers. We can directly sow the seeds in the soil. The seedlings will sprout in a week. After the transplantation Marigold blooms within eight weeks. And Marigold plants can grow up to 3 feet.
Lotus is a water-based plant and treated as a sacred flower in Hindu culture. Use a pot with clay in the lower level and river sand on top of it to sow the seeds. It takes 2 to 3 days to germinate. Choose the seeds which have a sprout of 6 inches long and pant it the tub of water. Usually, lotus will grow the leaves within a few days and start blooming within 3 to 4 weeks under regular watchers.
Sunflowers is a ground crop but can be grown in a container. Sow the seeds directly in the soil with 4 to 5 inches gap in between. Sunflower seeds require 8 to 10 days to germinate under well-maintained moisture. After that transplant the seedling at least 10 inches deep, in a larger pot. It needs a solid 80 to 120 days to mature.
Lavender for a fact is charming with their bright purple color and scent. Lavender is best grown from cuttings/stems than directly from seeds. But when it comes to the sprouts, it'll take about two weeks to germinate. Lavender requires to be watered regularly and move the seedlings to the final pots when you see a couple of leaves.
Poppy flowers are available in many colors. They grow well in mild winters. You can loosen the surface of the soil and sow directly on top of the earth. Then water well. It'll take up to 2 to 4 weeks to germinate and two months to start blooming.
Zinnia seeds will take a week to germinate under constant temperature. Once you see the seedlings until the seedlings grow up to 10-12 inches. Zinnia seeds require to be planted indoors for 6 to 8 weeks before moving to outdoors.
Dahlias proliferate. It requires at least 12 inches long and depth. Dahlia seeds german time in 14 to 20 days and blossom in 8 weeks. Make sure the plants get enough sunlight and water and wait for the results.
Pots with enough drainage holes are essential for Lily harvesting. Lily seeds do not grow well in soggy soil, but the moisture is required. The seeds will take two weeks to germinate and 4 to 5 weeks to start blooming.
Morning glory can grow wild and full, which is a reason for planting them in containers is the best option to restrict the space. Morning Glory seeds take 5 to 21 days to germinate based on the type of seed and weather condition. Most of the varieties are winter intolerant, so the plants grow well in summer and bloom well.
Gerbera plantation requires the right amount of drainage supply. Seeds need the moisture, but soil can't be soggy. Gerbera seeds germinate 2 to 3 weeks. After you see the seedling to develop leaves, transplant them to a bigger container.
Apart from the above vegetables, fruits, and flowers, there are some seeds such as asparagus, grass seeds and Napier are more comfortable to grow in containers which can add tremendous and lively interiors to the household. The best thing is that it doesn't require huge space and comes under budget.