15 Best Veggies to grow in Container in India

Container Farming is a great option for Garden lovers and people who love to grow their own food.

You want to grow your veggies in your Garden? But you don’t have any garden space in this concrete world? Well, read through the remaining article. We’ve got something interesting for you.

container farm

What is Container Farming?

Container farming is growing plants in a smaller space. Especially in small Balconies and rooftops using regular household items like boxes, tubs, baskets, pots and grow bags. Anything from plastic to terracotta, glass to papers can be used to grow plants just at your home. Not only small flowers plants but also edible plants for vegetables and fruits, let’s see how we can do that. 

Is it possible to Grow Veggies at Home?

Growing vegetables in the container are feasible, but some grow without difficulty and produce closely in containers. Especially Tomatoes, Carrots, Potatoes, Onions, leafy vegetables are best to grow at home in very compact spaces. Every plant has a specific and unique requirement. We’ll discuss in detail going forward. 

Some tips for Container farming:

tips for container farming

  1. Hanging baskets make excellent use of the area.
  2. Plastic pots tend to maintain the moisture better than traditional terra-cotta pots.
  3. To hold vegetation safely cool and wet at some stage in hot summer season days, double-pot. Place the smaller container in the larger one and fill the gap between both of them with crumpled newspaper and sphagnum.
  4. Fish emulsion and compost can be used as an alternative to the chemical fertilizers.
  5. Place packing containers wherein they will obtain most daylight and proper airflow.

Can you grow veggies in Pots?

pots

Absolutely. A larger pot, good potting soil, water, fertilizers, and some effort can grow vegetables in your pot. Most importantly, you’ll want to consider the depth of the container you’ll be developing in. Lesser regions can restrict the roots to grow deeper and healthier.

Most greens require as a minimum six hours of sunlight in keeping with day. Tomatoes, peppers, beans, and different solar-fans will recognize as an awful lot of solar as they can get. The wind is another component to keep in mind. Your vegetation can be happiest in an included area wherein the wind does not batter and dry out their foliage.

Soil collected directly from the garden, won’t be sufficient for container plantation. You need to fill the boxes with a “soilless” potting blend that will preserve moisture and withstand compaction, adding a liberal amount of granular organic fertilizer and a shovelful or so of compost.

Click Here to Read How to create Organic Fertiliser at Home?

Plants with constant water supply tend to grow better and produce high-quality vegetation. Inconsistent moisture reasons masses of issues, together with blossom drop, negative root development, leaf curling, insect problems, and rot. 

It’s always recommended to add organic fertilizers to the soil. And to continue the nutrition, add liquid fertilizer to the soil every week. Growing vegetables in packing containers omit out the herbal vitamins from the ground, which required a manual attempt.

Top list of container friendly vegetables in India:

roof top farming

Growing plants in the Container are feasible, but some grow without difficulty and produce closely in containers. Especially Tomatoes, Carrots, Potatoes, Onions, leafy vegetables and many more. We made a list of the top list of vegetables that are pet-friendly for Indian weather conditions:

Tomatoes:

  • Choose the container which is at least 2 square feet tall and 15-liter size. 
  • Fill up the large container with high-quality potting soil. Add an all-purpose, slow-launch fertilizer to the ground.
  • Tomatoes required to be planted deeply, to broaden stronger and more healthy stems.
  • Give a consistent amount of water.
  • Tomatoes require a higher amount of sunlight (6-8 hours a day).

Spinach:

  • Spinach requires just 40-45 days to grow completely. 
  • Plant the seeds with a gap of one inch in between in the container. Keep the container indoors for at least three weeks. 
  • When the seeds grow up to 3 inches, transplant them outside.
  • Spinach requires steady moisture, so make sure to water the plants regularly.
  • Spinach requires heavy feeding too. Add Fertilizer to the soil which contains plenty of nitrogen. Initially, comprise fertilizer into the ground before planting. Then unfold the fertilizer around the base of the plants and lightly work it into the soil. Be careful; spinach has shallow roots that can be effortlessly damaged.

Green beans:

  • Beans require at least 2 Gallon window pots and need 6-9 inches of soil. These pots require the drainage holes to evaporate the excess water.
  • Add some organic fertilizer to the ground before the plantation. 
  • Bean seeds will take 5-8 days to germinate. Bean plants require plenty of water and make sure to maintain the moisture well. 

Cucumber:

  • Choose the pot of at least 12 inches wide and 8 inches deep. Cucumbers need moisture. And make sure the container has holes for excess water drainage. 
  • Add one part of compost, peat moss to the potting soil. Fertilize with Nitrogen food once in a month to get immunity from bugs.
  • May is the most productive month to grow out the Cucumbers in the container. Use a trellis in the pot, and tie vines while the plant grows. 
  • Locate the pot in bright areas which can attain the temperature of 70 to 75F. 

Onions:

  • For Onion plantation, the ideal pot should be at least 6 inches low and as extensive as your area permits.
  • Then fill half of the pot with the excellent quality moist potting soil. 
  • Then plant the onions two inches apart facing the roots downside. Add extra soil gently until onions are fully covered and only a small part of springs showing up.
  • Water well and keep adding more soil until it covers the onion side. Place the container in a sunny place to get approximately six to seven hours of mild in step within a day.

Green Chillies:

  • Chillies require a container of 12 inches wide at least.
  • Mix the good quality potting soil with vegetable potting mix and Searles herb and pour it in the container. 
  • Sow the seeds directly in the pot and water well. Add the SeaMax Fish & Kelp weekly once to the soil.
  • Chillies can be grown in full sun away from strong winds with constant moisture. In these circumstances, they produce the flower buds and soon turn into the chillies.

Brinjal:

  • Brinjals develop better in larger containers. 
  • Mix the soil with organic compost. Place 3 to 4 inches seedlings preserving 25-30 inches apart. Keep them interior for two months before transplant it to exterior to warm up the soil. 
  • Brinjal plants are heavy feeders and require plenty of calcium. So add fertilizers once in a month for the faster growth. And dispose of plant weeds well-timed.
  • Brinjal grows well in the sun. Maintain the soil moisture frequently. But do no longer make soggy. 
  • With the above pointers, Brinjal plants can grow as much as 24 inches tall.

Watermelon:

  • You want to pick a container to be big sufficient on your watermelon to thrive. Watermelons require lots of water, so it is endorsed that you go with a larger length box. Make sure to have the container have drainage holes to grow watermelons, which can evaporate the excess water and give breathe to the plants.
  • Once you have decided on the container watermelons you’ll grow, fill the pot with potting soil or other soilless mixes. 
  • And water the seeds regularly, twice a day in average temperatures.
  • Add Trellises or teepee to the seedlings as support as the vine grows.
  • Adding liquid fertilizers weekly can give a boost to the plant. We can also add a slow-release fertilizer for constant and long term results.

Potatoes:

  • Potatoes require at least a 5-gallon containers to grow well. 
  • Add a slow-release fertilizer to the soil mix, moist it lightly. Add the soil up to 4 inches deep in the container.
  • Cut the potatoes with several eyes into 2-inch pieces, and plant them 5 to 7 inches apart. Add 3 inches of wet soil on top of them. Keep adding the soil to the growing plants until the container fills up. 
  • Maintain the moisture to the container but make sure to be not soggy.
  • Potatoes require six to eight hours of sunlight in a day. 

Radish:

  • Radish doesn’t require any higher level of care or effort. The seeds can be directly sown in the containers in good potting soil.
  • Container gardening radishes calls for a considerable gallon pot and well-tired soil with rich natural amendments. Use a vegetable starter blend combined with a small amount of sand. Make sure the container has the hole to evaporate the extra moisture. Make sure the saucer underneath doesn’t store the water regularly.
  • Radish seeds are tiny and can be slipped many seeds at one pick. Make sure to pick only one seed at once and maintain a gap of half-inch to two inches in between.
  • Continue to add the soil on top of the roots to avoid drying.

Carrot:

  • For Carrot harvesting, choose a container of at least five inches lengthy and as wider as viable and keep in the place where it can get at least six hours of sunlight.
  • Fill the container with three inches of depth with moistened soil. Sprinkle the carrot seeds in the soil. After that, add a layer of soil on top of the seed layer. And pour water the soil to give moisture.
  • Once the carrots have sprouted, thin the seedlings to with one to two inches of spacing among.
  • Feed the carrots with natural liquid fertilizers once every three weeks to acquire the right nutrition that they need.

Curry Leaves:

  • Curry leaves can be harvested with the stems than seeds. 
  • Mix potting soil with compost or organic fertilizers and add it to the container.
  • Take a stem of three inches long and remove the leaves up to one inch from the bottom. Insert the bottom part in the medium moist soil. 
  • The stem will take at least three weeks to develop the roots under good sunlight and moist circumstances. 
  • Feed it weekly with a diluted answer of seaweed fertilizer and trim the leaves as needed.

Mint Leaves:

  • Mints don’t require bigger spaces like other vegetables. It can be grown in small cups, bottles, and containers. 
  • Mint leaves don’t require much exposure to the sun too so that it can be harvested indoors easily. Fill up the plant with a right potting mix by adding an equal amount of sand or perlite to it.
  • These plants require to maintain constant moisture but not overly wet. 
  • Fertilizing isn’t must for mint plants — however, an additional dose of all-purpose or liquid soluble fertilizer diluting with water.

Lemons:

  • Lemons are the most difficult plants to grow in containers than the ones in the soil as they dry out very quickly.
  • They are also less immune to cold weather. 
  • Lemon plants require consistent watering. Otherwise, it tends to dry out the leaves and fall off.
  • Add a consistent amount of slow-release fertilizers to maintain the nutritions.

Coriander:

  • For Coriander harvesting, choose a pot which is deep and wide. Make sure the container is at least 18 inches wide and 10-12 inches deep. 
  • Coriander can grow best in Fall and Winter but can support any other seasons too. 
  • Fill the container half with potting soil, and sow the seeds 1/4th inches deep. Maintain the moisture to the seeds. 
  • Coriander can grow better in the sun but can’t bear more heat. So place the pot on a sunny shade. 
  • This doesn’t require many gaps in between but suggested to place at least three to four inches apart.

Companion vegetables:

vegetable garden

Companion vegetables are the combination that can be planted, and get along well together. Here’s a list of vegetables that you can grow together:

  1. Carrot – Tomato
  2. Beans – Brinjal
  3. Potatoes – Beans
  4. Tomatoes – Cucumber, Onion and Green Chillies.
  5. Onions – Carrots

Container vegetation requires a lot of effort for sure. But the result is worthy, fresh, and healthy. 

Also Read:

Natural Insecticides for Plants at Home

How to Get Rid of Harmful Pests from the Garden?

How to Grow Leafy Vegetables in Pots at Home?

How to Prepare your own Potting Soil at Home in India?