Top 10 Unique Plants found in Jammu & Kashmir

reviewed by Christina Lopez

The State of Jammu and Kashmir has been regarded as a heaven on earth. The flora & Fauna found in Jammu Kashmir is one of the most beautiful in the world. There are a few unique plants found in this region which are not found in any other region of the world. Here is the list of all unique plants found in Jammu Kashmir.



Common Horsetail ( Equisetum arvense ) is a perennial fern. It belongs to the genus Equisetaceae. A small creeping rhizomatous, non-flowering plant up to 1m tall, found in sub-tropical and temperate zones. The horsetail is a flowering plant.

Medicine is produced using the above-ground parts. 'or 'fluid retention,' urinary tract infections, loss of bladder control, wounds, and many other disorders, people use horsetail, although there is no clear clinical evidence to support these uses. It may also be dangerous to use horsetail.

A small creeping rhizomatous, non-flowering plant up to 1m tall, found in sub-tropical and temperate zones.


The common name Papra ( Fumaria Indica) is an annual herbaceous plant. It belongs to the family Fumariaceae . Fumaria is indicated as secure in an acute and sub-chronic oral toxicity analysis in rodents. It shows the depressant activity of the central nervous system.

The F. Indica plants are distributed over the more significant part of Jammu and Kashmir up to 2 438 m on the Himalayas, Afghanistan, Baluchistan, and Mongolia. During late winter, this plant is widespread and is found growing in moist localities with other seasonal weeds. It is used in the treatment of fever, blood disorders, cough, skin diseases, urinary and urogenital disorders.


Common name Podina (Mentha arvensis) is a perennial herb. It belongs to the family Lamiaceae . In many environments, the species that make up the genus Mentha are widely distributed and can be found, e.g., Jammu and Kashmir. In wet environments and moist soils, it grows best.

It is commonly used in hypertension and in patients with ischemic heart disease. It is also used as a food seasoning, industrial purpose, and household remedy. Leaf juice is used for diarrhea and dysentery. The leaves are medically used for allergies and stomach disorders.


The common name Pashanbedha ( Bergenia Strachey ) is a perennial plant. It belongs to the family Saxifragaceae. Bergenia Strachey is very common in Kashmir, e.g., Paddar valley; it grows at high altitudes on rocks in the open, generally 3000-4200 m (not typically the altitude of glacial moraines).

The juice from the leaves is used as drops. In the treatment of fever, diarrhea, and pulmonary disorders, the root is used as a tonic. Root juice is used to treat coughs and colds, hemorrhoids, asthma, and urinary disorders.


The common name Sweet Kangi (Abutilon Indicum) is a perennial herb. It belongs to the family Malvaceae. They are generally found in Jammu and Kashmir, e.g., Srinagar.

Di-uretic and demulcent infusion of leaves and roots; used in fevers, chest infections, gonorrhea, and urethritis; cooked leaves and are eaten in bleeding piles. Astringent stem bark, diuretic, febrifuge, anthelmintic. Reduces sweating; ideal for stranglehold and urinary problems.


Common name Field Marigold (Calendula Arvensis) is an annual herbaceous species. It belongs to the family Asteraceae. It is unable to grow in the shade. It prefers moist soil to grow and is found in Jammu Kashmir.

Externally, calendula is used as a treatment for skin conditions and is added to bites and stings, acne, sprains, burns, sore eyes, varicose veins, inflammation reduction, bleeding control, and irritated tissue calming.


Common name SultaniBooti (Achilleamille folium) is a herbaceous perennial plant . It belongs to the family Asteraceae. It is found in the Himalayas at an altitude of 1,000 - 3,600 m from Kashmir to Kumaun. Its flowering period is from July to September.

A Millefolium is a traditional medicinal plant used in medicine for treating gastrointestinal disorders, pain, and inflammation. Gastroprotective capacity screening against acute and chronic ulcers has shown a strong correlation with its folk-medicinal applications.


Common name Sumblu (Berberis LyciumRoyle) is a shrubby plant. It belongs to the family Berberidaceae. It is found at the open hillside, usually on hot, dry slopes to 3000m in Kashmir.

Its flowering period is from April to June. The root is bitter with an unlikeable taste, used as a tonic for treating spleen problems. Intestinal astringent, ideal for problems with cough, chest, and throat and proper treatment of boils.


Common name KhabalGhas (Cynodondactylon (L.) Pers.) is a wild herb and terrestrial plant found in Jammu Kashmir. It belongs to the family Poaceae. Its flowering period is throughout the year except for December to February.

As blood purifiers, floral portions are used and often used against dysentery. Grass powder is also used as a stomach treatment or tonic that increases the appetite or improves digestion


It belongs to the family Geraneaceae. It can be found in bare, sandy and grassy places in Jammu and Kashmir. Because of its astringent and hemostatic properties, this whole plant is used. In treating uterine and other bleeding, it is beneficial.

By rubbi plant chewed root on it, sores and rashes can be treated. A tea is used as a diaphoretic and diuretic for its leaves. It is useful in the treatment of typhoid fever as well.


Floristic diversity in Jammu and Kashmir would be beneficial for humanity, based on the use of various plants and herbs for skincare among the tribal communities and women in general. It will strengthen its significance in the pharmaceutical, therapeutic, and cosmeceutical sectors, thereby affecting society and economic status.


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About Christina Lopez

Christina Lopez grew up in the scenic city of Mountain View, California. For eighteen ascetic years, she refrained from eating meat until she discovered the exquisite delicacy of chicken thighs. Christina is a city finalist competitive pingpong player, an ocean diver, and an ex-pat in England and Japan. Currently, she is a computer science doctoral student. Christina writes late at night; most of her daytime is spent enchanting her magical herb garden.

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